Independent Swiss watch manufacture Armin Strom presents a sapphire case version of its Dual Time Resonance mechanical watch.
The Dual Time Resonance is a horological masterpiece that combines the practicality of two completely independent time indications with the increased precision of two independent movements in resonance. While Armin Strom is known for not covering their movements with a dial to highlight the horology within, the new Dual Time Resonance edition with sapphire crystal case takes transparency to a whole new dimension.
Armin Strom began research and development into using the phenomenon of resonance in a wristwatch with two main goals: the first that any resonant complication should demonstrably improve timekeeping precision, and the second that people should be able to visually appreciate the phenomenon of resonance as it happens.
The Dual Time Resonance features two independent movements side by side, which even further emphasizes the fact that there are two completely separate movements synchronizing oscillations due to the phenomena of resonance.
The Dual Time Resonance Sapphire demystifies and highlights resonance to the extreme, the crystal-clear sapphire crystal case offering views of the movement from all angles.
The patented Resonance Clutch Spring – the result of three years of intensive research and development – connects two individual movements arranged side by side, each independently displaying two time zones and each synchronized with the other through resonance for improved chronometric precision.
Independent movements enable the Dual Time Resonance Sapphire to indicate GMT, a second time zone, or function as a timer or countdown. Completing the indications are independent power reserve indicators and a 24-hour indication serving both displays.
The CSEM (Centre Suisse d’Electronique et de Microtechnique) has officially certified Armin Strom’s Resonance Clutch Spring system as being a true system in resonance. Armin Strom’s laboratory testing has revealed gains in precision of 15-20% for two COSC-certified chronometer-level regulated movements placed in resonance.
The Armin Strom Masterpiece 1 Dual Time Resonance Sapphire launches in a scratch-resistant limited edition of 8 pieces.
With the introduction of the Mirrored Force Resonance, Armin Strom revolutionized both the practical and aesthetical benefits of using the physical properties of resonance in wristwatches. The Mirrored Force Resonance demystified resonance by placing two oscillators resonating through the patented Resonant Clutch Spring front and center. Here, the dials and dual regulators sit on top of two vertically-stacked, independent movements.
To highlight the highest level of horology and micro-engineering, Dual Time Resonance highlights the duality of the two independent resonating movements by replacing the vertical ‘stacked’ movement architecture with horizontal side-by-side movements. This has the added attraction of enabling appreciation of even more of the impeccably finished movement.
Dual Time Resonance Sapphire now removes any and all barriers to appreciation: the case ‘disappears’ in an unabashed celebration of the reliably resonating calibre ARF17 movement seemingly floating between strap ends. The transparent case of Dual Time Resonance largely disappears from view, which amplifies the form-follows-function horizontal movement architecture of the caliber ARF17.
The attraction of sapphire crystal watch cases is (transparently) obvious; the difficulty, though, in cutting, milling, polishing, and assembling sapphire crystal case components is extreme, especially in relatively large — in this case 59 mm long — case components.
Sapphire crystal rates 9.0 on the Mohs scale, as opposed to 9.5 for moissanite and 10 for diamond. Diamond-coated tools spend days cutting, then milling the case components from massive sapphire crystal blocks. These are then left for a few days to allow any tension generated by the heat of machining to be evenly distributed throughout the crystal.
The case is then polished for days, transforming the opaque milled crystal into one that is crystal clear. Sapphire crystal’s main challenge is its extreme hardness. Like the less glamorous but equally contemporary ceramic cases, hardness is the cause of susceptibility to chipping, cracking, or shattering: sapphire crystal is fragile, and this creates a manufacturing process that is very long, and very complicated with a lot of breakage.
Masterpiece 1 Dual Time Resonance was developed as a showcase for Armin Strom’s technical and artistic excellence, bringing the phenomenon of resonance front and centre.
The Resonance Clutch Spring allows the mysterious force of resonance to be visualized in real time. It’s a visually entertaining complication as well as a technical tour de force, a performance-enhancing mechanism so obvious that you can see it.
While it has been long known that resonance in watch and clock movements with synchronized coupled oscillators improves accuracy by averaging slight differences in the precision of each movement – and in wristwatches minimises adverse effects of shocks on precision – it is less known that resonance also conserves vibrational energy normally lost through supporting the regulator.
Armin Strom’s laboratory testing has revealed gains in precision of 15-20% for two COSC-certified chronometer-level regulated movements placed in resonance.
But the manufacture did not set out to make a dual time watch; the principal aim was to showcase the resonance movement to the maximum. The movement architecture was a perfect meld of form and function: spreading the two movements apart horizontally in the Dual Time Resonance – compared to the two vertically stacked movements of the Armin Strom Mirrored Force Resonance – meant that a dial on each movement was a logical choice.
And with two time displays, dual time follows naturally. The independent second time display can also function as a countdown indicator or for tracking elapsed time. Two independent movements mean two independent time displays, one 24-hour indicator, four mainspring barrels, and two conical power reserve indicators.
In the pursuit of horological accuracy, precision, and rate stability, resonance has usually involved using two connected independent movements to allow fine tuning of the distance between them. Until Armin Strom, precise adjustment of the distance between the two regulators has been necessary to incite resonance. However, the Armin Strom Resonance Clutch Spring eliminates the necessity for fine tuning the distance, ensuring a much more reliable and efficient resonant system only needing up to 10 minutes to synchronise. The idea of resonance has endured for three centuries for a reason, but that doesn’t mean you can’t improve upon it.
Armin Strom’s patented Resonance Clutch Spring is an innovative way of upgrading an old concept, one that is horology’s very reason for being: precision and accuracy.
The CSEM (Centre Suisse d’Electronique et de Microtechnique) has officially certified Armin Strom’s resonance system based on the Resonance Clutch Spring as being a true system in resonance.
Dual Time Resonance Sapphire
Movement 1: hours, minutes, 24-hour indicator, power reserve indicator;
Movement 2: hours, minutes, power reserve indicator
Armin Strom manufacture calibre ARF17
Manual-winding, patented resonance clutch spring, dual off-centre time indications, 4 mainspring barrels
Regulating system: two independent regulation systems connected by a resonance clutch spring
Power reserves: conical x 2, 110 hours for each movement
Dimensions: 52.55 mm x 39.95 mm x 11.67 mm
Frequency: 3.5 Hz (25,200 vph)
Finishing: base plate and bridges are decorated to the highest quality level
Number of components: 419
Sapphire crystal front and case back with antireflective treatment
Diameter: 59 mm x 43.4 mm (including lugs)
Height: 13 mm
Water resistance: 50m
Blue, hand guilloche
Hands: polished stainless steel
Delivered with a blue alligator strap and stainless steel double-folding clasp