Based in Dresden, the cradle of Saxon watchmaking, LANG & HEYNE is a high end luxury watch atelier co-founded by Marco Lang and Mirko Heyne. The highly exclusive timepieces that leave the manufacture every year are made of precious materials, with a combination of extraordinary constructions and delicate engravings.
Each LANG & HEYNE timepiece is produced utilizing the highest level of manual skill and knowledge of the experienced employees, starting with the construction and manufacturing of the components of movement, hands and cases, to the finishing –the aesthetic and functional processing of the raw materials.
Born in 1971 Marco Lang a fifth – generation watchmaker, learnt first horology lessons from father Rolf Lang who worked as head restorer in the Mathematical / Physical Cabinet (Mathematisch Physikalischer Salon), one of the world-famous collections of watches and precision mechanical instruments.
Rolf Lang suggested that his son should first of all learn the basics of metal working and sent him to Glashütte for three years in order to serve an apprenticeship in precision mechanic. Again, in this important historic town, Marco was inevitably inspired by the watch-making tradition.
After the reunion of Germany, Marco found his way to Ihno Fleβner, a north German watch expert. During these years as an assistant, Marco worked on the production of fine precision pendulum clocks. After seven instructive years, Marco returned to Dresden with his master certificate where he built up his own shop as a watch creator and restorer. True to the family tradition, Marco soon made his mark among German watch enthusiasts.
His father Rolf Lang, who in the meantime was working as an instructor for “A. Lange & Söhne”, introduced his first apprentice Mirko Heyne to the shop. As two kindred spirits in watch-making Marco and Mirko teamed up and founded the watch manufacture “LANG & HEYNE”. LANG & HEYNE saw their entrepreneurial opportunity in their talent of watch-making and as bringing completeness to the existing watch companies of Glashütte. They wanted to make their creations even more personal, more hand-crafted and more traditional.
Just one year later, LANG & HEYNE were able to present their watch models on the trade fair in Basel and within one week the order book of the little workshop was packed. Although the success was great, it still hampered the development of the creative power of the two watch makers.
Disagreement concerning the future of the business led to the resignation of Mirko Heyne in the summer of 2002. Still, the workshop “LANG & HEYNE” carries the name and the spirit of the two gifted watch makers, which in the meantime became a synonym for fine watch-making in Dresden. Marco, whose favourite place is the watchmaker’s work table, continued on his way as an independent watch creator. His aim is to inspire watch enthusiasts by his fine watches and not by the size of the company. At the end of 2003, he sold his shop in order to concentrate fully on the creation of his watches.
The watch manufacture “LANG & HEYNE” found its new home in a mansion surrounded by the green fields and woods around Dresden. Here, Marco is working together with his enthusiastic colleagues. An exclusive series of just 30 to 40 watches per year leaves the small manufacture after he has assembled, precisely adjusted and signed the watches himself. After a three-year candidature, Marco became a member of the AHCI, the international association of independent and creative watch makers. The manufacture “LANG & HEYNE” is committed to this exclusive club of outstanding watchmakers. It is an honour to be able to match the quality, the creativity and the skills of watch-making of the best watch-makers in the world.
A mechanical watch from Lang & Heyne requires imagination, skill, patience and precious time. It takes precious TIME to assemble a timepiece, since there are no assembly lines. Every single piece evolves and matures carefully in the hands of master watchmakers. With utmost care and down to the smallest detail, they also improve pieces that have not entirely been made by Lang & Heyne so that these pieces fulfill optically as well as functionally the high demand of Lang & Heyne. The master craftsmen skillfully mount each movement, piece by piece, until perfection is reached and the balance starts to oscillate with the rhythmic pulse of time, precisely ordered.
Form and function are combined in this manner with the utmost precision and harmony until completion. These works of art are created with the philosophy which has defined watchmaking in Dresden for hundreds of years: meeting the aesthetic requirements of kings and prominent citizens, and equipped with absolutely the finest movements. It is not through imitation, but only through complete understanding and further elaboration of those values and principles which make every piece from LANG & HEYNE precious, a treasure representative of Saxony’s watchmaking heritage.
Time to admire the silky shining enamel dial contrasted with the artfully crafted hands. Time to discover the details of the gleaming, golden precision movement: the rubies set in gold, each chaton individually held by blued steel screws, the anglesite finished ‘swan-neck fine adjustment’ polished with pewter and finally the all important balance equipped with gold weighting screws and the freely pulsating Breguet spiral crowned by a sparkling diamond.
Time to realize again and again that each piece is a unique work of truly handcrafted art. Every single part is passed through each of the mastercraftsman’s skilled hands, one to the other, then carefully examined through magnifying glasses and, when necessary, perfected until finally it has its own unique charisma, reflecting ultimate quality.
Lang & Heyne admire and venerate the great watch artists of former and present times. They created and create masterly works of art with the help of simple means and methods but also with a lot enthusiasm and professional code of ethics, capacity for invention and knowledge of the science of mechanics. When restoring and refurbishing, it is highly important for the company to put themselves into the position of the respective period of time and to work as much as possible with the same procedures as the artist of the piece on hand. After research and cost analysis, the project is discussed and carried out in cooperation with the owner.
Lang & Heyne have the knowledge and ability to reconstruct and rebuild almost every possibly missing mechanical piece. With utmost care and down to the smallest detail, they also improve pieces that have not entirely been made by Lang & Heyne so that these pieces fulfil optically as well as functionally the high demand of Lang & Heyne.
History of Dresden watch making
In 1668 Johann Georg II certified the foundation of Dresden’s first independent watchmakers guild, and thereby inaugurated a glorious tradition. August the Strong, Elector of Saxony and King of Poland, as well as his son Friedrich August II, each famous for their appreciation of art and baroque lifestyles, attracted artisans and craftsmen to Dresden who created sumptuous watches, which were both genuine mechanical as well as artistic miracles. Since 1728 these treasures have been closely guarded in the Royal Saxonian Watch Cabinet (Mathematisch-Physikalischer-Salon) within Dresden’s famous Zwinger Building which today still accommodates one of the world’s most historic and admired collection of watches.
The French Revolution in 1789 provoked dramatic changes in European lifestyles. The “mechanical” content of watches began to overshadow fancy cases and sumptuous artistry. In Saxony as well, watches turned gradually into instruments for the precise measurement of time. Period watchmakers such as Köhler and Seyffert devoted their careers to developing technically superior, highly sophisticated pendulum clocks, chronometers, watches and scientific measuring devices. The precise movements, presented in cases without frills, perfectly reflected the new values: a type of modesty which still excites collectors and admirers of precision watches who desire elegance.
“Saxonia” – the first German railway connecting Dresden and Leipzig marked a new phase of mobility for the country. Portable watches to organize time for man’s advantage became inseparable companions for an increasing number of people. Only a few were in the privileged position to afford one of the rare and prestigious pocket watches manufactured by a traditional watchmaker from Dresden. Some of these rarities originated from Friedrich Gutkaes, the court watchmaker. Ferdinand Adolph Lange, as his young apprentice, learned the art of watchmaking prior to the founding of the watchmaking industry in Glashütte.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the wristwatch finally began its triumphal march that continues strongly today. Lang & Heyne therefore, choose to enter this market with their superior, technically designed, handmade watches, unequalled in perfection and precision yet enclosed in cases of elegant simplicity.
The House of Wettin is a dynasty of German counts, dukes, prince-electors and kings that once ruled the Saxon, Germany. The “Procession of Princes” (Fürstenzug), a large mural in the historic center of the Saxon state capital Dresden, displays the ancestral portraits of the 35 margraves, electors, dukes and kings of the House of Wettin between 1123 and 1904. The Lang & Heyne watches are named after selected rulers of this time.
In-house Movements and Flagship models
- CALIBER I – FRIEDRICH AUGUST I & JOHANN
- CALIBER III – MORITZ
- CALIBER IV – ALBERT
- CALIBER IV – KONRAD & HEINRICH
- CALIBER VI – FRIEDRICH II & FRIEDRICH III
- CALIBER VII – AUGUSTUS I
- CALIBER VIII – GEORG
- CALIBER IX – ANTON
Special Features of LANG & HEYNE Watches
A major design feature of all LANG & HEYNE watches is the case with three lugs construction that provides a stable holding for the strap on each side of the watch. Emphasizing the vertical axis, the middle lug flatters the overall appearance of the watch and serves as a balance to the crown. The unique, well proportioned case is completed by the crown protection.
Secondly, the hands of the watch are worth every effort – whether they are masterfully hand-engraved, like the Louis-XV, or perfectly fled and polished, like the spade or cathedral hands. The three-dimensional shaping with a diverse range of structures requires craftsmanship at the highest level.
The plates, bridges and balance cocks of the mechanical watch movement are provided with a unique cover known as SILVER GRINDING by applying a special mixture to the brass movement components using a stiff-bristle brush. The result is a fine, grain-like surface which is then be plated in gold. The BALANCE-SPRING is mathematically and precisely calculated, making every oscillation an experience. The last coil is bent into shape in a time-consuming and masterful process before.
Another attraction is the finely finished screws. For screws the watchmakers use a goat’s hair brush, domed threads and beveled as well as tin polished heads. The screws are polished and partly flame-blued in the finest shades of violet. The manufacture produces only 12 to 15 screws per day.
Since 2016, each LANG & HEYNE watch is made of solid gold WHEELS with chamfered spokes which run precisely and with the least possible friction. It turned out that the performance is much better by combining gold (wheel) and steel (pinion) than using conventional materials. Another advantage is that galvanic coating is not needed any more.
The polished GOLD CHATONS give the ruby jewels a stunning, deep fiery appearance. They are countersunk and screwed into the bridges and balance cocks in accordance with Saxon traditions. The ultimate beauty, however, is the sparkling diamond that crowns the masterpiece. The ruby jewels are tongued and located just below. The sensitive balance pivot is thus protected and shock-resistant.
The MOUSTACHE-ANCHOR is precision made of solid gold. Lever escapements correct the barycenter of the anchor and assure smooth power transmission to the balance in several different positions.
ENAMEL, is used in numerous dials, showing both charm and the character. They are complex to manufacture and consist of several layers – sometimes classical, structured and manufactured for the best readability.
Uhrenmanufaktur LANG & HEYNE GmbH
Weissenberger Straße 10
D – 01324 Dresden
Official website: www.langundheyne.de