Jardur Watch Company (previously known as the Jardur Import Company) was founded by Samuel Klepper in New York City N.Y. in 1937. Samuel was a pilot and the watches he designed were for a special class of users for whom the management of time was an important element of their profession.
Based in the Maclntyre Building at 874 Broadway in New York City, NY, the Jardur Import Company was the exclusive importer from Switzerland of the well-known Jardur aviation waterproof Bezelmeter chronographs and the Jardur aviation waterproof wrist-watches. In 1945, based on the production of various aviation and flight accessories, the company changed its name to the Jardur Aviation Company. The Jardur precision timers were especially designed for pilots, and incorporated outstanding features necessary and desirable in all flying procedures. These aviation timepieces were greatly appreciated by the top Military officers of those times.
Today, the brand, under the guidance of Jardur Watches President CC Shermer and Vice President Dr. James Wingfield, makes a comeback with their recently launched Degreemeter watch. This new timepiece pays homage to Jardur Bezelmeter 960 watch of 1940’s.
Originally designed for pilots, the iconic Bezelmeter 960 was essentially a cockpit instrument for the wrist. Two features incorporated in the design give clear evidence of this intent. The bezel on the case is an independent chapter ring graduated in counter clockwise hours. Rotating the ring to align the mission duration hours with the hour hand on the dial at take off gives the pilot a quick reference of the flight time remaining during any point in the mission.
|Jardur Bezelmeter 960|
On the dial was a red degree meter scale graduated from 0 to 180 degrees of angle. Aircraft have control settings which will produce a standard turn rate of 3 degrees per second. By starting the chronograph sweep second hand at the initial point of turning, the sweep second hand position indicates the instantaneous course deviation in degrees on the red degree meter scale. This information is more reliable than using magnetic compass instruments which are subject to inertial forces during turning manoeuvres.
In 2012, the brand paid the homage to the original Bezelmeter 960 with the introduction of a modern version which incorporates all of the advancements in materials, manufacturing methods, and design features which comprise state-of-the-art watchmaking. Some of the dial complications have been removed to reduce the sources of sensory overload present in today’s environments. The degreemeter-the DNA of the original is still there however. No other watch has this unique feature.
The first thought was an exact replica of the 960; however it had some downsides. A more honest approach was to bring the company forward instead of taking the watch backward in the form of the original 960. The object was then to use everything now known about the original goals of the company and to design a current version with as much JARDUR function and DNA as possible.
At the best solution of the design of a new genre of JARDUR called the Degreemeter. The new watch would be first and foremost an aviation chronograph, as much an instrument watch as the original, and incorporate a state-of-art” best practice” design philosophy. This robust timepiece, reminiscent of the 1941 Jardur 960 Bezelmeter, will meet the requirements of today’s contemporary aviators and aircrews.
The Jardur Degreemeter incorporates a more legible dial with full Arabic numerals and borderless sub dials. The Open 60 seconds Track confirms that the watch is running and facilitates hacking to a standard time. Most importantly, the Tachometer and Telemeter scales are omitted, only the date indication between 4 & 5’o clock to remove unnecessary complications and distractions.
The Standard Rate Turn Scale (SRT) feature has been preserved, which is useful when an aircraft has a 3 degree per second turn rate. The Red 2 Minute Triangle on the Chronograph Minute Track Subdial cross checks the limit on the SRT scale in operation.
The Jardur Degreemeter is powered with the legendary Valjoux 7750 movement that has been in wide use since 1970 by many brand manufacturers and has and has demonstrated robust, failure-free performance.
Movement type: ETA 7750
Case Material: Stainless Steel
Case Diameter: 42MM
Case Height: 16MM
Water Resistance: 300 Meters
Limited & numbered edition of 66 Pieces
Contact the brand for current availability
Some Historical Milestones
Brothers, passionate aviators, & owners of the Jardur Import Company, Samuel and Herman Klepper, were first employed by the Hamilton Radio Company before venturing out and designing one of the most iconic tools of WWII, the Bezelmeter, 960. In 1934, with brother-in-law Wolf Kalmin at the helm of the Hamilton Radio Company, the Kalmin’s and the Klepper’s decided to change the radio company name to the Pilgrim Electric Corporation.
Jardur distributed its watches and navigational flight plotters exclusively to the military through post exchanges and ships stores, clear evidence that the Jardur watch company regarded their watches as professional tools. Research into the history of the era reveals numerous occasions when the Jardur Bezelmeter also was the watch tool of choice. In 1941 just prior to WWII a privately sponsored mission to South America called the Inter American Escadrille was under taken to strengthen diplomatic ties and explore the feasibility of extending commercial air travel throughout Latin America: a Pan American skyway. Lawrence Rockefeller loaned his amphibious Grumman G21 (tail number NC37000) and his crew was lead by James Evan Ferris. Jardur supplied the watches they wore.
In 1942 the president of North America Aviation James Howard “Dutch” Kendelberger chose a Jardur Bezel meter 960 to present to Jimmy Doolittle. This watch is now in the Smithsonian in Washington D.C. On the back is engraved ‘To Jimmie Doolittle and Shangri La from Dutch 6-1-42’ (32267).
In between those events which circumstances happened to capture were countless others which drummed along without fanfare and many Jardur watches also went along. Each has a story.
|A Jardur Vintage Watch|
Among fine Swiss quality Jardur chronographs, Jardur also provided many pilots multiple aviation accessories such as Jardur Super Flightmaster (Designed for the primary or advanced pilot; Air Navigation Computer) and Jardur Flight Plotter (Designed exclusively for Jardur by Leut. Ernest G.) In 1946, the Jardur Aviation Company presented Gen. Spaatz a 995G Aviation Chronograph during the “Aviation Men of the Year” ceremony in Philadelphia. Jardur was named the official watch for the Inter-American Escadrille in 1941.
The effort to trace this brand back to its origins and answer many questions regarding the source of the expertise which went into the design gradually took on another dimension. The new Jardur was born. The revealed history of the original watch was too compelling to stand without a concerted effort to revive the brand.
Official website: http://www.jardur.com