As one of the most important rulers of Saxony, Moritz was a political, military as well as cultural character. By being sensitive to political issues and also by clever intrigues and military power, he eventually snatched the throne from his cousin Friedrich and gained power over the Saxon estates. From then on, Saxony was reigned from Dresden and Moritz thus laid the foundation for a cultural as well as a political revival of that town.
Although he was on the side of the catholic emperor at the beginning, he soon put him under military pressure, so that eventually he achieved the “Religious Peace of Augsburg” and the freedom of the Protestant belief. At the young age of 32, Moritz was fatally wounded in the battle of Sievershausen and entombed in the cathedral of Freiberg (which from this time on was the burial place of all Saxon rulers).
With a classical, symmetrical division of the dial, Lang and Heyne combines in the watch-model “Moritz” all the calendar functions of a full calendar. The solid silver dial is, according to the tradition, pickled white and then dyed champagne. The moon disc as well as the earth disc is cut in gold and enameled with the technique “Champlevé”.
Above the crown, the date, the month and the declination can be changed rapidly. Two sunk-in correctors serve as the regulation of the moon phase and the day of the week.
As with the other models of LANG & HEYNE, the model “Moritz” is available in three different gold colours (white, yellow and rose gold) and with different hand variations. LANG & HEYNE makes three variations of the earth disc, one for the European/African, one for the Asian/Australian and one for the American viewpoint.
From what do the seasons with different lengths of night and day result? The indications of sunrise and sunset and the equation are well known. It is the changing angle of the sun’s rays onto the surface of the earth that forms the basis of these indications.
The inclination of the axis of the earth to the ecliptic of 23 degrees and the orbiting of the earth around the sun are the causes of the sun’s rays impinging sometimes more on the northern hemisphere, sometimes more on the southern hemisphere. For the first time, LANG & HEYNE has made it possible to indicate directly the degree of the sun to the equator at midday. This suggestion made by one of the customers and a watch enthusiast (Nikolaus Garnreiter – Ulm).
The earth disc which oscillates during the seasons is controlled by a programme disc where the value of the degree of the declination is accurately stored.
Behind this spectacular display is CALIBER III mechanical movement. Based on the CALIBER I and with the same respect for traditional watch making and its aesthetic quality, LANG & HEYNE constructed the CALIBER III for the MORITZ model. Although the two movements look very similar the manufacture still made some modification.
The distance from the minute wheel to the second wheel is downsized to gain room for additional indications on subdials. We also reconstructed the winding mechanism so that the date, the month and the declination indication can be set as fast as possible with the help of a third crown position.
The complete mechanism for the calendar indication is carried by an additional plate which is only 1.5 mm in height. One specialty which is not immediately visible is the rapid change of the date and the day of the week that is activated at midnight exactly.
A serial number is assigned to every watch marked both on the dial and on the movement. This makes every watch from Lang & Heyne to a unique specimen.
About LANG & HEYNE Caliber III
Based on LANG & HEYNE Caliber I and with the same aesthetic respect for the traditional making of watches, the company constructed the Caliber III for the model “Moritz”. Although the two movements look very similar, the Caliber III comes with some modifications.
The distance from the minute wheel to the second wheel is downsized to 9mm in order to gain big supply dials for the additional indications. LANG & HEYNE also reconstructed the winding mechanism so that the date, the month and the declination indication can be set as fast as possible with the help of a third crown position.
The complete mechanism for the calendar indication is carried by an additional plate which is only 1.5mm in height. One of the specialities that is not immediately visible is the rapid change of the date and the day of the week which is activated at midnight exactly. Thus, an inconvenient, long-lasting change of date is avoided on the one hand, and on the other hand there is no problem with the setting of the calendar throughout the day.
Another convenience for the setting of the calendar is the day-/night indication underneath the centre at the right-hand side. Between 6 am and 6 pm the golden half and between 6 pm and 6 am the blued half of the 24 hour wheel is visible.
Model: LANG & HEYNE MORITZ
Manual winding movement Caliber III
Diameter 16¼ lines (36.6mm)
Frequency 18,000 semi-oscillations per hour (2.5Hz)
Running time: 46 hours
Jewels: 19 rubies, 1 diamond
Eccentric second at 6 o’clock, date-days of the week at 3 o’clock
Moon phase at 6 o’clock, month at 9 o’clock
Day-/night indication at 4 o’clock
Declination angle at 12 o’clock
Crafted from 18 ct rose gold or white gold
2 countersunk pusher at the side
Sapphire glass on top and bottom
Water-resistant up to 3 bar
Solid silver dial fine blasted and colored in champagne white
Minute indication in red
Moon and earth disk in 18ct gold enamelled
Alligator leather strap with shark lining leather
Pin buckle or folding clasp